Sudan: In the early 2000’s there was international attention on finding peace between North and South Sudan. While attention was focused on that, another conflict emerged in the region of Darfur of Sudan. Only a few years later, in 2003, the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement worked together to launch a rebellion against the Sudanese government. The main purpose of this rebellion was due to economic marginalization and insecurity of the Sudanese people. Once the rebellion was launched, the government turned to tribes within Darfur, including the Rizeigat and the Misseriya tribes. In exchange for help, the government promised them land. This exchange transformed the rebellion into a genocide by “Arabizing” the issues occurring. These two tribes merged into becoming a militia named Janjaweed. This was done with the assistance from the Sudanese Governement’s National Congress Party. The forming of this militia resulted in approximately 300,000 deaths and the displacement of around 4 million people. The Sudan Liberation Army , lead by Minni Minnawi, was created and was one of the few rebel groups to sign the Darfur Peace Agreement in 2006. While this assured him a leadership position, Minnawi was ostracized by his own people. This hindered him accomplishing anything for Darfur.
South Kordofan and Blue Nile: Under the commands of Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir, forces of continued to pursue attacks against innocent civilians in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions. The attacks from the government are planned during the harvest times, to demolish the people’s farms and crops and to perpetuate famine. With these attacks, the government also ended any outside help or delivery of food. Due to this, approximately 200,000‐250,000 people in these areas are experiencing crisis and emergency due to food shortages.
The Sudanese government has a very long history of committing horrendous acts against their own people. The most significant acts were in Darfur and the civil war with South Sudan. The government has repeatedly disregarded all outside pressures to end the genocide crimes against the people of Sudan. However, these horrific crimes are still occurring in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. The government attacks these innocent civilians for their assumed support of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North.