Sudan: The Violence Against Civilians in South Kordofan & Blue Nile

A large portion of the world is unaware of the ongoing situation in Sudan; a lot of Americans don’t even know where Sudan is. There are many issues that have been occurring in Sudan for years. For example, conflict in Darfur, the war on South Sudan, the problems in South Kordofan and Blue Nile and the developing issues in Eastern Sudan. I will be discussing the continuing situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile.

In 2011, state elections took place. The elections were highly disputed because the Sudanese government removed the governor that was elected by the state; this created violence in South Kordofan between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) and the Sudanese government. Assaults have been occurring on civilians in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, which has caused hundreds of thousands of civilians to take shelter in refugee camps in South Sudan and Ethiopia; the UN estimates more than 202,000 refugees have been a product of this violence.

The Sudanese government refuses to let humanitarian and food aid into these areas, and most of the attacks have prevented planting and harvesting season. According to the UN, this has left more than 250,000 civilians in a state of emergency crisis and food shortages. Those who have not been able to seek refuge may have been forced into fighting or recruited to fight alongside SPLM-N just for food and shelter.

In 2012, the UN estimated that 300,000 people have been displaced from their homes due to the violence and the fighting still continues today. Satellite images of South Kordofan (shown below) have confirmed mass gravesites.

The ongoing violence caused by the Sudanese government needs to end. The Sudanese government has a history of violence against their citizens (i.e. Darfur and the war against South Sudan). The violence in South Kordofan and Blue Nile has now been occurring for almost four years and another conflict in Eastern Sudan is beginning to rise. When will enough be enough?



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