A Defining Moment in History

In American culture the Civil War is perceived as a good thing to discus when teaching someone US history. In Sudan, the civil war is can seen as the most important moment on Sudanese history.

South Sudan became and independent state in 2011. In December 2013, a civil war broke out in Sudan. These two events were a direct effect of the famine on the country and the tens of thousands of people that were killed. A lot of the problems in this war infiltrated the government and rebel groups in Sudan and in turn, created long-standing issues. These issues are oil, government, war, crimes, child soldiers, and the Abyei area.

Sudan and South Sudan’s government are both responsible for the on going conflict in these countries right now. In July 2013, the army loyal to Vice President Riek Machar took over Juba. Due to Machar’s guidance, the group has taken on an ethnic vengeance against the President Salva Klir, who is ethnically Dinka. Rebels, Nuer White Army, and pro-government forces can be held accountable as perpetrators of genocide. Rebels have murdered hundred, hosted radio broadcasts encouraging rape, and hate crimes of ethnicity. While, pro-government armies have been violent with UN peacekeepers and other civilians.

Since 2013, both parties have perpetrated human rights violations. They have committed countless war crimes, this includes, murder, rape and child soldiers. They have targeted civilians ethnically and politically. These are the effects of the government infiltrating the militias and allowing the civilians to get rid of one population.

In 2012, Sudan and South Sudan’s tensions rose and began to be more visible. The two countries started to fight about the oil-producing region Heglig. This area is very important to Sudan because it contains a majority of the country’s oil after South Sudan succeeded. After tensions rose, Sudan bombed an oil installation near the capital of South Sudan’s unity state. Then in response, the South Sudanese attack Heglig. After this attack South Sudanese report Sudanese Armed Forces bombing southern oil fields.

The Abyei area is very interesting because it is the buffer between Sudan and South Sudan. It is a disputed territory. The Abyei protocol states that at the end of a six-year intern the people in this land would decide whether they are a part of Sudan or South Sudan. Sudan never recognized these people. In May 2011, a government led militia and Sudanese Air Forces attacked this area. Dinka farmers are the main population of this area. Hence the primary motives for this attack. This attack destroyed civil property and displaced 110,000 Dinkas from their homeland.

If we do not step in soon, this might be the only Sudanese history.

– Sam

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