The world’s youngest nation: South Sudan, succeeded from Sudan in July of 2011. South Sudan’s independence was a last attempt for peace to end a decade long raging civil war. Peace wasn’t guaranteed with South Sudan’s new found freedom and to the world’s devastation, little peace was actually found. Tensions along the border combined with dwindling resources and ethnic divisions encourages violent behavior thus creating conflict between rebel militia and the government.
December 2013– yet another war began. The war was a result of the political disputes between President Salva Kiir (Who was a Dinka) and former Vice President Riek Machar (Who identified as a Nuer). Both the government and rebel tribes committed mass atrocities against the people. Within the first weeks of the attacks, thousands of innocent people were murdered and an estimated 800,000 were forced to flee. 2015– Hundreds of thousands of people still are displaced and seeking protection from the UN.
There is an exorbitant amount of literature published about the South Sudanese crisis (although, the lack of awareness among Americans is astounding.) Much of such reports would explain this complicated crisis in a much better fashion than I could even attempt. Perhaps then, it is more beneficial to focus on the question weighing heavily on my mind: What is the solution to bring peace to South Sudan? Is it too simple-minded of me to believe that the solution to this crisis is obvious: a liberal democracy? Arguably, the most fundamental aspect of a liberal democracy is the protection of individual rights. If the South Sudan government could unite to create equal protection for ALL under the law, maybe just maybe, there can finally be peace for this country.