During the civil war between northern and southern Sudan, yet another conflict emerged in Darfur. Two rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement acted on feelings of economic marginalization and insecurity. These rebel groups consisted of people from the tribes of the region, tribes such as the Fur and the Zaghawa. In 2003, the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality movement began to actively rebel against the Sudanese government.
As a result of this rebellion, the Sudanese government sought help from a few of the nomadic tribes in Darfur. In exchange for helping the Sudanese government fight the rebel groups, the various tribes were promised land. These tribes formed a militia called Janjaweed.
Since then, the Janjaweed, with support from the Sudanese Government’s National Congress Party, has wrecked havoc on Darfur, killing around 300,000 people and displacing close to 4 million people. The rebel groups even have conflict within themselves. One conflict led to the separation of the Sudan Liberation Movement into two groups, the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minnawi.
Despite this, the conflict in Darfur is still continuing today. In 2014 alone, more than 430,000 people were displaced, as well as allegations of mass rapes for approximately 200 women and girls. International mediators have managed to create a group called Liberation and Justice Movement. This group consists of various rebel groups seeking to negotiate a Darfur Peace Agreement. In 2006, the Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minnawi signed the Darfur Peace Agreement but no progress has been made since the most powerful rebel groups refuse to take part in the negotiations.
Title: Conflicts in Sudan
Title: Sudan: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect—Populations at Risk